While defining global warming, it had been defined as the main problem of the future and solutions had been tried to be offered to this problem. However, global warming has now become the primary problem of today. The efforts of the countries to keep global warming at 1.5 ºC, which started with the Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Agreement, were insufficient, and now the aim has evolved into an effort to keep it at 2 ºC. The success of these efforts directly concerns the future of the world and humanity. In this context, it becomes clear that carbon, which is the main cause of global warming, should be understood thoroughly in every aspect. Carbon is one of the most abundant elements in the universe and one of the fundamental building blocks of all living things. Carbon also constitutes a large portion of the greenhouse gases in the atmosphere and increasing carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions with human activities cause many environmental problems, especially climate change.
Because, carbon is one of the fundamental building blocks found in every moment of life and directly affects everything in life. From this point of view, “The Balance of the Life: Carbon” was chosen as the theme of the congress. Humankind has lived as a part of nature since its existence and acted in harmony with the balance of nature. The balance of life occurs with the carbon exchange of all living beings in nature. Plants absorb carbon dioxide and produce oxygen through photosynthesis. Animals, on the other hand, survive by breathing oxygen and produce carbon dioxide. In this process, a natural cycle called the carbon cycle occurs. However, humans have a significant impact on the natural carbon cycle. Human activities such as rapid population growth, industrial activities, use of fossil fuels, deforestation, and agriculture cause an increase in CO2 levels in the atmosphere, and this has changed the balance against nature and keeps changing it more and more each passing day. In order to rebalance these changes, many processes, from reducing carbon emissions to balancing, legal regulations to environmental ethics, inventory to certification, and carbon capture to storage, should be determined and it must be revealed how, when, where, and by whom related measures ought to be taken. .
Coping with environmental problems is not the responsibility of only natural sciences. It is an international problem that concerns the whole world and can be solved with interdisciplinary cooperation, which should also include social sciences from economics to law, literature to sociology, and philosophy to psychology. Therefore, international cooperation is inevitable. In this context, while organizing the congress, cooperation has been made between our university and mainly competent national and international institutions, the Presidency of Climate Change, and the General Directorate of Forestry, which are the primary addressees of global warming in Türkiye. We look forward to your participation with the hope that the proceedings and discussions to be presented at the congress will contribute to the knowledge of all decision-makers, especially our young colleagues, who will shape the world in the future.
On behalf of the congress organizing committee
Assoc. Prof. Dr. Bülent TURGUT & Assoc. Prof. Dr. Ercan OKTAN
Full text proceedings presented in the congress will be given a DOI (Digital Object Identifier) number and will be published in the congress book. However, authors who would like to publish their work in a journal can submit their full texts to journals below. The papers will be considered for publication in these journals free of charge after editorial evaluation and peer-review process.